Category: Sejarah Desain Grafis

Pictograms in Olympics

The logos and pictograms for Olympic games change every four years and the sponsoring city develops its own logos. Pictograms first appeared at the Olympics in London in 1948, and they were officially introduced at the 1964 Tokyo Games. These highly stylized designs could communicate information to athletes and spectators alike,when the transmission of accurate information in a timely manner… Read more →

Logotypes and Branding

Introduction The word logo is rooted in the Greek word lógos meaning a word, saying, speech, discourse, thought, proportion, and ratio. In the world of graphic design a logo must represent all these concepts. Logo is associated with logotype which is defined as; a graphic representation or symbol of a company name, and trademark, which is uniquely designed for ready… Read more →

Pioneers of the Art Nouveau, Chromolithography and the emergence of the modern poster and cigar box labels

William Morris William Morris is considered as the father of modern graphic design. Morris, an idealist and a champion of socialist causes, was an artist, designer, printer, typographer, bookbinder, craftsman, poet, and writer. His art was emotional and mythical. He loved country-garden nature and medieval ideals of chivalry as well as the romantic attachment to forests, gardens, flowers and birds.… Read more →

Art Nouveau (1890-1914)

Introduction Art Nouveau was an innovative international style of modern art that became fashionable from about 1890 to the First World War. Arising as a reaction to 19th-century designs dominated by historicism in general and neoclassicism in particular, it promulgated the idea of art and design as part of everyday life. Henceforth artists should not overlook any everyday object, no… Read more →

Chapter- 1-2 : The Inception of Visual Communications in Ancient Egypt

The Inception of Visual Communications in Ancient Egypt Wooden ushabti box and ushabtis of Pinedjem I. There is no doubt that ancient Egyptians were the originator of what is today defined as ‘visual communication design’. The Egyptian language of antiquity used the same word, sekh, to signify writing, drawing, and painting, and from the very beginning of her history, Egypt… Read more →

Chapter- 1-1: The Birth of Graphic Design

  The “Spotted Horses” mural, painted by woman artists inside France’s Pech Merle cave dated 23 millennium BC is a fine example of the prehistoric graphic design. According to the analysis of Pennsylvania State University archaeologist Dean Snow many of the artists working in that cave were women. Until recently, most scientists assumed the prehistoric handprints on the rockwalls around… Read more →

Prelude – 4 : A history of the Chinese Scribe

The earliest examples of Chinese writing date to the late Shang period (ca. 1200 BC). These are the so-called Oracle Bone Inscriptions (jiaguwen) which were found at the site of the last Shang capital near present-day Anyang in Henan province.Later on the bronze inscriptions (jinwen) which were texts casted or carved into the surface of vessels integrated the concept of… Read more →